Ancient Indian Education System Vs. Modern Indian Education System
India has ancient roots when it comes to education. India’s ancient education heritage is the largest globally, with a history of over 4500 years. It was impossible to set up formal institutions for learning in ancient times, considering the limitations of a lack of roads and mass migration of peoples from one region to another. Instead, education in India was a domestic affair in families that moved from one place to another.
By reading this article, you will know a lot of facts about the Education System In Ancient India, education in our time, and how we can improve the education system.
Ancient Indian Education System
Studies done by students of top schools in India shows that the ancient Indian education system was based on the 4 Cs (Cadiz, Culture, Care of the Elderly, and Charity). A student’s performance in different fields was taken into account before awarding them a degree or certificate. There were no institutions for the advancement of professional studies. The present Indian education system is based on examination. It is not based on the reward of effort and skill development. Hence only the educational institutions are growing, not the educated faculty.
The education system in ancient India was ever so famous for its comparatively low fees, relatively low parental involvement, no school uniforms, no school bags, comprehensive sex education, spiritual orientation, flexibility (no age limit), co-education (boys and girls sat together), no prerequisites…etc. The children of ancient India had straightforward yet natural learning methods. They had the liberty to use their imagination to learn the lessons of life. Education in India is perhaps one of the oldest continuing traditions on Earth. Some historians even speculate that it dates back before recorded history began 50000 years ago.
The ancient Indian Education System had a good quality of teachers. Critical discipline was given to the students, which is very useful for their future lives.
Modern Education System In India
The modern Indian educational system is the one that came into existence in its current form in the mid 19th Century. The early efforts to build a modern school system for India began during the British East India Company’s rule in the latter part of the 18th Century. It was formalized under British Raj in the early 19th Century. The education system that we see today is a product of manifold efforts and contributions from various people and institutions both nationally and internationally. While aspects like gender equality, technology integration, and community participation could still use some improvement, people mostly agree that the Indian educational system is one of the best.
The Modern Indian Education System has to change with time and become more beneficial for the future. We suggest that the curriculum should be based on real-life situations and skills. Schools should be set to make children happy and free from tensions, and schools should be such as to develop students as well as individuals who can achieve success in whatever field they choose.
Ancient VS Modern Education System In India
There are many differences between the ancient Indian education system and the modern Indian education system. Sikhism is a major world religion, virtually unknown to the Western world until the October 1983 pageant of the Golden Temple at Amritsar. Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak, born in Hindu stock but disillusioned with Hinduism. The Gurus preached against ritual purity, idol worship, caste distinctions, the sacrifice of animals, fasting, pilgrimages, asceticism, and celibacy. Sikhism evolved into a progressive force that successfully united Hindus and Muslims against Mughal rule. It accepted Muslims as well as Hindus into it.
India has had a rich history of education right from ancient times. The modern educational system of India evolved from the old Indian education system. The traditional Indian education system did not have much scope for further studies after the school level. Now the present-day higher education has come to India with a completely new structure, curriculum, method of learning, and more.
Today both the modern and ancient educational systems are at extremes. While one is swinging towards total commercialization, the other is still depending on morality. The current system has failed to fulfill its purpose of providing knowledge, and it fails to answer the questions like ‘how I should be?’ When does it make sense to improve something which is already perfect?